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Department of Pharmacology

Taylor, CW, Atakpa, P, Thillaiappan, NB, Mataragka, S, Prole, DL

IP3 receptors (IP3Rs) allow extracellular stimuli to redistribute Ca2+ from the to cytosol or other organelles. We show, using siRNA and V-ATPase inhibitors, that lysosomes sequester Ca2+ released by all IP3R subtypes, but not Ca2+ entering cells through store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE). A low-affinity Ca2+ sensor targeted to lysosomal membranes reports large, local increases in cytosolic [Ca2+] during IP3-evoked Ca2+ release, but not during SOCE. Most lysosomes associate with ER and dwell at regions populated by IP3R clusters, but IP3Rs do not assemble ER-lysosome contacts. Increasing lysosomal pH does not immediately prevent Ca2+ uptake, but it causes lysosomes to slowly redistribute and enlarge, reduce their association with IP3Rs, and it disrupts Ca2+ exchange with ER. In a ‘piston-like’ fashion, ER concentrates cytosolic Ca2+ and delivers it, through large-conductance IP3Rs, to a low-affinity lysosomal uptake system. The involvement of IP3Rs allows extracellular stimuli to regulate Ca2+ exchange between ER and lysosomes.

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Published date: 
16 November 2018 (Accepted for publication)
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Publication type: 
Journal articles
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Cell Reports
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