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Department of Pharmacology

Konieczny, V, Tovey, SC, Mataragka, S, Prole, DL, Taylor, CW

Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) stimulates Ca$^{2+}$ release from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), and the response is potentiated by 3',5'-cyclic AMP (cAMP). We investigated this interaction in HEK293 cells using carbachol and parathyroid hormone (PTH) to stimulate formation of IP$_{3}$ and cAMP, respectively. PTH alone had no effect on the cytosolic Ca$^{2+}$ concentration, but it potentiated the Ca$^{2+}$ signals evoked by carbachol. Surprisingly, however, the intracellular Ca$^{2+}$ stores that respond to carbachol alone could be both emptied and refilled without affecting the subsequent response to PTH. We provide evidence that PTH unmasks high-affinity IP$_{3}$ receptors within a discrete Ca$^{2+}$ store. We conclude that Ca$^{2+}$ stores within the ER that dynamically exchange Ca$^{2+}$ with the cytosol maintain a functional independence that allows one store to be released by carbachol and another to be released by carbachol with PTH. Compartmentalization of ER Ca$^{2+}$ stores adds versatility to IP$_{3}$-evoked Ca$^{2+}$signals.

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17 January 2017
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Publication type: 
Journal articles
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Cell Reports
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