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Department of Pharmacology

Snitsarev, VA, McNulty, TJ, Taylor, CW

Using the membrane-permeant chelator of heavy metal ions, N,N,N',N'-tetrakis(2-pyridylmethyl)ethylene diamine (TPEN), we demonstrate that in pancreatic acinar cells, hepatocytes, and a variety of mammalian cell lines, endogenous heavy metal ions bind to cytosolic fura-2 causing basal cytosolic free [Ca2+] ([Ca2+]i) to be overestimated. TPEN had most effect in cells lightly loaded with fura-2, suggesting the presence of a limited pool of heavy metal ions (> or = 12 microM in pancreatic acinar cells) that does not rapidly exchange across the plasma membrane. In fura-2-loaded hepatocytes, vasopressin failed to evoke a detectable change in fluorescence, but after preincubation of cells with TPEN, it caused fluorescence changes characteristic of an increase in [Ca2+]i. We conclude that in many mammalian cells, a slowly exchanging mixture of cytosolic heavy metal ions binds to fura-2 both to quench its fluorescence and to mimic the effects of Ca2+ binding, thereby causing basal [Ca2+]i to be overestimated. By chelating endogenous heavy metal ions, TPEN allows basal [Ca2+]i to be accurately measured and, by preventing competition between heavy metal ions and Ca2+ for binding to fura-2, unmasks the full effect of agonists in increasing [Ca2+]i.

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August 1996
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Publication type: 
Journal articles
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Biophys J
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