skip to content

Department of Pharmacology

Taylor, CW, Tovey, SC

Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors (IP(3)R) and their relatives, ryanodine receptors, are the channels that most often mediate Ca(2+) release from intracellular stores. Their regulation by Ca(2+) allows them also to propagate cytosolic Ca(2+) signals regeneratively. This brief review addresses the structural basis of IP(3)R activation by IP(3) and Ca(2+). IP(3) initiates IP(3)R activation by promoting Ca(2+) binding to a stimulatory Ca(2+)-binding site, the identity of which is unresolved. We suggest that interactions of critical phosphate groups in IP(3) with opposite sides of the clam-like IP(3)-binding core cause it to close and propagate a conformational change toward the pore via the adjacent N-terminal suppressor domain. The pore, assembled from the last pair of transmembrane domains and the intervening pore loop from each of the four IP(3)R subunits, forms a structure in which a luminal selectivity filter and a gate at the cytosolic end of the pore control cation fluxes through the IP(3)R.

Publication ID: 
Published date: 
December 2010
Publication source: 
Publication type: 
Journal articles
Journal name: 
Cold Spring Harb Perspect Biol
Publication volume: 
Parent title: 
Publication number: