skip to content

Department of Pharmacology

Taylor, C, Thillaiappan, NB, Smith, HA, Atakpa, P

Regulation of IP3 receptors (IP3Rs) by IP3 and Ca2+ allows regenerative Ca2+ signals, the smallest being Ca2+ puffs, which arise from coordinated openings of a few clustered IP3Rs. Cells express thousands of mostly mobile IP3Rs, yet Ca2+ puffs occur at a few immobile IP3R clusters. By imaging cells with endogenous IP3Rs tagged with EGFP, we show that KRas-induced actin-interacting protein (KRAP) tethers IP3Rs to actin beneath the plasma membrane. Loss of KRAP abolishes Ca2+ puffs and the global increases in cytosolic Ca2+ concentration evoked by more intense stimulation. Over-expressing KRAP immobilizes additional IP3R clusters and results in more Ca2+ puffs and larger global Ca2+ signals. Endogenous KRAP determines which IP3Rs will respond: it tethers IP3R clusters to actin alongside sites where store-operated Ca2+ entry occurs, licenses IP3Rs to evoke Ca2+ puffs and global cytosolic Ca2+ signals, implicates the actin cytoskeleton in IP3R regulation and may allow local activation of Ca2+ entry.

Publication ID: 
Published date: 
2 July 2021 (Accepted for publication)
Publication source: 
Publication type: 
Journal articles
Journal name: 
Nature Communications
Publication volume: 
Nature Research
Parent title: 
Publication number: