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Department of Pharmacology

López-Sanjurjo, CI, Tovey, SC, Prole, DL, Taylor, CW

Most intracellular Ca(2+) signals result from opening of Ca(2+) channels in the plasma membrane or endoplasmic reticulum (ER), and they are reversed by active transport across these membranes or by shuttling Ca(2+) into mitochondria. Ca(2+) channels in lysosomes contribute to endo-lysosomal trafficking and Ca(2+) signalling, but the role of lysosomal Ca(2+) uptake in Ca(2+) signalling is unexplored. Inhibition of lysosomal Ca(2+) uptake by dissipating the H(+) gradient (using bafilomycin A1), perforating lysosomal membranes (using glycyl-L-phenylalanine 2-naphthylamide) or lysosome fusion (using vacuolin) increased the Ca(2+) signals evoked by receptors that stimulate inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate [Ins(1,4,5)P(3)] formation. Bafilomycin A1 amplified the Ca(2+) signals evoked by photolysis of caged Ins(1,4,5)P(3) or by inhibition of ER Ca(2+) pumps, and it slowed recovery from them. Ca(2+) signals evoked by store-operated Ca(2+) entry were unaffected by bafilomycin A1. Video-imaging with total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy revealed that lysosomes were motile and remained intimately associated with the ER. Close association of lysosomes with the ER allows them selectively to accumulate Ca(2+) released by Ins(1,4,5)P(3) receptors.

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Published date: 
1 January 2013
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Publication type: 
Journal articles
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J Cell Sci
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