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Department of Pharmacology

Broad, LM, Cannon, TR, Short, AD, Taylor, CW

In A7r5 cells with empty intracellular Ca(2+) stores in which the cytosolic free Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) had been increased by capacitative Ca(2+) entry, stimulation of receptors linked to phospholipase C (PLC), including those for Arg(8)-vasopressin (AVP) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), caused a decrease in [Ca(2+)](i.) This effect was further examined in a stable variant of the A7r5 cell line in which the usual ability of hormones to stimulate non-capacitative Ca(2+) entry is not expresssed. In thapsigargin-treated cells, neither AVP nor PDGF affected capacitative Mn(2+) or Ba(2+) entry, but both stimulated the rate of Ca(2+) extrusion, and their abilities to decrease [Ca(2+)](i) were only partially inhibited by removal of extracellular Na(+). These results suggest that receptors linked to PLC also stimulate plasma membrane Ca(2+) pumps. Activation of protein kinase C by phorbol 12, 13-dibutyrate (PDBu, 1 microM) also caused a decrease in [Ca(2+)](i) by accelerating Ca(2+) removal from the cytosol; the effect was again only partially inhibited by removal of extracellular Na(+). An inhibitor of PKC, Ro31-8220 (10 microM), abolished the ability of PDBu to decrease [Ca(2+)](i), without affecting the response to maximal or submaximal concentrations of AVP. Similar experiments with PDGF were impracticable because Ro31-8220, presumably by inhibiting the tyrosine kinase activity of the PDGF receptor, abolished all responses to PDGF. U73122 (10 microM), an inhibitor of PLC, completely inhibited PDGF- or AVP-evoked Ca(2+) mobilization, without preventing either stimulus from causing a decrease in [Ca(2+)](i). We conclude that receptors coupled to PLC, whether via G-proteins or protein tyrosine kinase activity, also share an ability to stimulate the plasma membrane Ca(2+) pump via a mechanism that does not require PLC activity.

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Published date: 
15 August 1999
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Publication type: 
Journal articles
Journal name: 
Biochem J
Publication volume: 
342 ( Pt 1)
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