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Department of Pharmacology

Nerou, EP, Riley, AM, Potter, BV, Taylor, CW

Synthetic analogues of inositol trisphosphate (IP(3)), all of which included structures equivalent to the 4,5-bisphosphate of (1,4,5)IP(3), were used to probe the recognition properties of rat full-length type 1, 2 and 3 IP(3) receptors expressed in insect Spodoptera frugiperda 9 cells. Using equilibrium competition binding with [(3)H](1,4,5)IP(3) in Ca(2+)-free cytosol-like medium, the relative affinities of the receptor subtypes for (1,4,5)IP(3) were type 3 (K(d)=11+/-2 nM)>type 2 (K(d)=17+/-2 nM)>type 1 (K(d)=24+/-4 nM). (1,4,5)IP(3) binding was reversibly stimulated by increased pH, but the subtypes differed in their sensitivity to pH (type 1>type 2>type 3). For all three subtypes, the equatorial 6-hydroxy group of (1,4,5)IP(3) was essential for high-affinity binding, the equatorial 3-hydroxy group significantly improved affinity, and the axial 2-hydroxy group was insignificant; a 1-phosphate (or in its absence, a 2-phosphate) improved binding affinity. The subtypes differed in the extents to which they tolerated inversion of the 3-hydroxy group of (1,4,5)IP(3) (type 1>type 2>type 3), and this probably accounts for the selectivity of (1,4,6)IP(3) for type 1 receptors. They also differed in their tolerance of inversion, removal or substitution (by phosphate) of the 2-hydroxy group (types 2 and 3>type 1), hence the selectivity of (1,2,4,5)IP(4) for type 2 and 3 receptors. Removal of the 3-hydroxy group or its replacement by fluorine or CH(2)OH was best tolerated by type 3 receptors, and accounts for the selectivity of 3-deoxy(1,4,5)IP(3) for type 3 receptors. Our results provide the first systematic analysis of the recognition properties of IP(3) receptor subtypes and have identified the 2- and 3-positions of (1,4,5)IP(3) as key determinants of subtype selectivity.

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1 April 2001
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Journal articles
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Biochem J
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