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Department of Pharmacology

Wolfram, F, Morris, E, Taylor, CW

IP3Rs (inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors) are the intracellular channels that mediate release of Ca2+ from the endoplasmic reticulum in response to the many stimuli that evoke Ins(1,4,5)P3 formation. We characterized and purified type 1 IP3R heterologously expressed in Sf9 insect cells, and used the purified IP3R1 to determine its three-dimensional structure by electron microscopy and single-particle analysis. Recombinant IP3R1 has 4-fold symmetry with overall dimensions of approx. 19.5 nm x 19.5 nm x 17.5 nm. It comprises a small domain, which is likely to include the pore, linked by slender bridges to a large cytoplasmic domain with four petal-like regions. Our structures of recombinant IP3R1 and native cerebellar IP3R have similar appearances and dimensions. The only notable difference is the absence of a central stigma-like domain from the cytoplasmic region of recombinant IP3R1. The first structure of a recombinant IP3R is an important step towards developing three-dimensional structures of IP3R that better contribute to our understanding of the structural basis of IP3R activation.

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27 May 2010
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Journal articles
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Biochem J
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