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Department of Pharmacology

Swatton, JE, Morris, SA, Cardy, TJ, Taylor, CW

There are three subtypes of mammalian Ins(1,4,5)P(3) (InsP(3)) receptor, each of which forms an intracellular Ca(2+) channel. Biphasic regulation of InsP(3) receptors by cytosolic Ca(2+) is well documented in cells expressing predominantly type 1 or type 2 InsP(3) receptors and might contribute to the regenerative recruitment of Ca(2+) release events and to limiting their duration in intact cells. The properties of type 3 receptors are less clear. Bilayer recording from InsP(3) receptors of RIN-5F cells, cells in which the InsP(3) receptors are likely to be largely type 3, recently suggested that the receptors are not inhibited by Ca(2+) [Hagar, Burgstahler, Nathanson and Ehrlich (1998) Nature (London) 296, 81-84]. By using antipeptide antisera that either selectively recognized each InsP(3) receptor subtype or interacted equally well with all subtypes, together with membranes from Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf9) cells expressing only single receptor subtypes to calibrate the immunoblotting, we quantified the relative levels of expression of type 1 (17%) and type 3 (77%) InsP(3) receptors in RINm5F cells. In unidirectional (45)Ca(2+) efflux experiments from permeabilized RINm5F cells, submaximal concentrations of InsP(3) released only a fraction of the InsP(3)-sensitive Ca(2+) stores, indicating that responses to InsP(3) are quantal. Increasing the cytosolic free [Ca(2+)] ([Ca(2+)](i)) from approx. 4 to 186 nM increased the sensitivity of the Ca(2+) stores to InsP(3): the EC(50) decreased from 281+/-15 to 82+/-2 nM. Further increases in [Ca(2+)](i) massively decreased the sensitivity of the stores to InsP(3), by almost 10-fold when [Ca(2+)](i) was 2.4 microM, and by more than 3000-fold when it was 100 microM. The inhibition caused by 100 microM Ca(2+) was fully reversed within 60 s of the restoration of [Ca(2+)](i) to 186 nM. The effect of submaximal InsP(3) concentrations on Ca(2+) mobilization from permeabilized RINm5F cells is therefore biphasically regulated by cytosolic Ca(2+). We conclude that type 3 InsP(3) receptors of RINm5F cells mediate quantal Ca(2+) release and they are biphasically regulated by cytosolic Ca(2+), either because a single type 1 subunit within the tetrameric receptor confers the Ca(2+) inhibition or because the type 3 subtype is itself directly inhibited by Ca(2+).

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Published date: 
15 November 1999
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Publication type: 
Journal articles
Journal name: 
Biochem J
Publication volume: 
344 Pt 1
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